People and businesses need money to pay bills and look after their basic needs. With enough capital, people can afford things they want, such as trips or luxury items. Businesses can expand their operations, invest in research and development, open new outlets, and hire more employees.
Sometimes, people and businesses apply for loans to access the funds needed for significant purchases. In situations like this, the borrower must apply and secure funds from a lender. Let’s look at the data lenders review when determining whether to approve a loan application.
What data do lenders consider when reviewing loan applications?
Lenders include traditional lenders, such as banks, and private money lenders. Banks and credit unions review the applicant’s credit score and debt-to-income ratio. They also review the applicant’s payment history to determine if they pay bills on time. While applicants with excellent credit may secure loans from traditional lenders, it can be challenging to secure loans if they have bad credit.
Applicants who have bad credit or haven’t established credit history can apply for hard money loans. Hard money lenders offer funds supplied by private investors who generate revenue from the interest paid on borrowed funds. Suppose you’re a real estate investor. You can Google “private lenders near me” to learn more about private money loans, enabling you to flip houses or refinance your mortgage. Private lenders don’t review your credit history. Instead, they use collateral to secure your loan, enabling them to give you a quick decision about your application. Borrowers pay a document preparation fee, an origination fee, and monthly interest.
How do lenders gather data?
Lenders use sophisticated software to gather relevant data when reviewing applications. Financial institutions may gather an applicant’s payment histories from multiple sources. They may review prior loans and their repayment status.
Using data virtualization software enables financial institutions to access data from multiple sources and combine that data without moving the data. Data virtualization software doesn’t need to know the data’s source to manipulate and analyze it. Let’s look at a data virtualization example that applies to lenders. The lender may access data from various databases and sources outlining an applicant’s car payment history, utility payment history, and credit card history. Data virtualization software may collect information about the applicant’s student loans and loan payments. It doesn’t matter if this information is on different databases because the software combines the data, enabling lenders to determine whether an applicant will repay their loan.
What data should borrowers consider when applying for loans?
One of the first factors to consider is whether a long-term or short-term loan is needed. Short-term loans are repaid within a year or less. Applicants should consider whether the lender charges pre-payment penalties. Traditional lenders may charge extra fees when account holders pay off their loan in advance, while private money lenders do not charge pre-payment penalties.
Applicants must consider the amount of capital required for their objective. Suppose your medical equipment company wants to invest in research and development projects for new diagnostic tools. To secure your loan, you’ll need to establish your anticipated costs and long-term benefits. You may gather health care statistics to demonstrate you anticipate high demand for the tools you’re developing. This data could include national and international health care statistics and population trends.
A computer manufacturer may use predictive analytics to demonstrate sales trends and adjust their production quotas. They may use this information to support a short-term loan for capital to increase the production of in-demand products.
Some loans offer a fixed rate while others offer variable rates. Applicants should review each option to determine the best loan for their needs.
The data that lenders consider when evaluating applications depends on the type of lender. Traditional lenders may review the applicant’s credit history while private lenders consider the loan’s purpose and the collateral available to secure the loan.