Photo of onshore and offshore wind turbines Photo of Flevoland (Netherlands).
Mischa Keijser | Image source Getty Images
The wind energy sector had its second best year in 2021, but facilities will need to be drastically expanded to continue with zero targets going forward, according to a new report from the Global Wind Energy Council.
Published on Monday, GWEC’s Global Wind Report 2022 said it installed 93.6 gigawatts of capacity last year, slightly less than the 95.3 GW installed in 2020. Cumulative capacity increased to 837 GW. Capacity refers to the maximum amount that can be produced by electrical installations, not necessarily the ones that are being generated.
Breaking things down, the offshore wind segment installed 21.1 GW in 2021, the best year ever. Onshore wind installations were 72.5 GW last year, up from 88.4 GW in 2020.
According to the GWEC, whose members include companies such as Vestas, Orsted and Shell, China and the United States were the main drivers of the decline in onshore facilities.
For China, where 30.7 GW were installed in 2021 compared to more than 50 GW in 2020, the GWEC cited the end of the country’s food tariff as a reason for the decline.
The US installed 12.7 GW of dry capacity in 2021, down 4.16 GW from 2020. The GWEC highlighted the factors as “interruptions due to COVID-19 and the supply chain” and “slowing down the execution of project construction from the 3rd quarter of 2021”. forward ”.
Along with his data, the GWEC report also issued a warning and called for a significant increase in capacity.
“At current installation rates,” he said, “GWEC Market Intelligence predicts that by 2030 we will have less than two-thirds of the wind power capacity needed for 1.5 ° C and zero clear path, leading to the loss of our climate. Targets.”
The report later added that the world’s wind energy facilities “should be quadrupled from the 94 GW installed in 2021 to meet our 2050 targets this decade”.
The 1.5 figure refers to the Paris Agreement, which aims to limit global warming to “well below 2, better 1.5 degrees Celsius, compared to pre-industry levels,” and was approved in December 2015.
According to the United Nations, global warming “should not exceed 1.5 ° C … emissions must be reduced by 45% by 2030 and zero by 2050”.
Among other things, he called for simplification of procedures for authorizing GWEC reports on Monday and for “a stronger international regulatory framework to address increased competition for critical raw materials and minerals.”
On Monday, GWEC Director-General Ben Backwell said, “Growth Net will need a new and more proactive approach to reaching the level of Net Growth and Energy Security.”
“The events of the past year, the economy and consumers who have endured extreme volatility in fossil fuels and high prices around the world, are a symptom of a questionable and disordered energy transition,” Backwell said.
Russia’s invasion of Ukraine has revealed that “dependence on imports of fossil fuels has revealed its effects on energy security.”
“The last 12 months should serve as a big call that we need to move forward decisively and switch to 21st century energy systems based on renewables.”
Not surprisingly, organizations like GWEC are calling for an increase in renewables, but achieving any significant change in the turbulent energy of the planet is a huge task.
Fossil fuels are embedded in mixed energy around the world, and companies continue to discover and develop oil and gas fields around the world.
In fact, in March, the International Energy Agency reported that in 2021, energy-related carbon dioxide emissions had risen to an all-time high. Energy-related CO2 emissions by the IEA rose by 6% in 2021 to a record 36.3 billion tonnes.
In the same month, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres warned that Glasgow had come out of last year’s COP26 summit “with a kind of naive optimism” and was “ready for climate catastrophe”.
Wind power facilities need to be quadrupled to achieve zero net targets: GWEC
Source link Wind power facilities need to be quadrupled to achieve zero net targets: GWEC