US, UK support Australian submarine nuclear possession | Voice of America

White House-US and UK help Australia develop a nuclear submarine fleet, US President Joe Biden said Wednesday, a new trilateral security with three-country leaders focusing on the Indo-Pacific region He said he announced a partnership.

“We need to be able to address both the region’s current strategic environment and how it evolves,” Biden said. It will last and prosper for decades to come. “

This trio is known by the acronym AUKUS.

Byden, Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison and British Prime Minister Boris Johnson emphasized that these nuclear submarines would not carry nuclear weapons.

Not seeking nuclear weapons

“I want to be clear, Australia isn’t trying to acquire nuclear weapons or establish civilian nuclear capabilities,” Morrison told the White House, along with US and British responders. rice field. “And we will continue to fulfill all our obligations to non-proliferate nuclear weapons.”

A Biden administration executive who briefed reporters prior to the announcement set up an 18-month timeline for the three countries to work together to identify the best route to transport submarines.

Johnson said his country would play an important role in sharing knowledge with Australia, a former British colony that remains in the Commonwealth, an organization led by Queen Elizabeth II.

The agreement “uses the expertise that Britain has gained over generations since it launched the Royal Navy’s first nuclear submarine more than 60 years ago,” he said.

The new partnership will make it easier for the three countries to share information and expertise in key technology areas such as artificial intelligence, cyber technology, quantum technology, underwater systems and long-range attack capabilities.

“This initiative is to ensure that each of us has the latest features. This is the latest features needed to control and defend against rapidly evolving threats,” Biden said. Says.

File-This photo, taken on January 2, 2017, shows a formation of the Chinese Navy during a military exercise in the South China Sea.

Push China back

None of the three leaders mentioned China in Wednesday’s remarks, but analysts see it as another move by Western allies to boost Beijing’s rise in the military and technical fields. ..

“It’s already clear from the context that building a high-intensity combat environment, and that’s what submarines do, is clearly the only potential enemy in the equation,” said Asia Pacific. Euan Graham, Senior Research Fellow for Security, said. Singapore Office of the International Institute for Strategic Studies.

Signed by countries that already share close ties, the agreement is a clear sign of Washington’s intention to maintain dominant and stable power in the region.

“The United States is ready to share virtually everything it has,” said Julian Ku, a professor at Hofstra University who focuses on international disputes and law. “We need to take our already very deep alliance to another level.”

The new fleet, which Biden administration officials said has the characteristics of “stealth, speed, maneuverability, and survivability,” has a wider range and can stay underwater for longer periods of time.

“Tactically, this will give Canberra an operational means to maintain undersea combat power for much longer across the Western Pacific compared to Australia’s current diesel submarines,” focusing on the Asia-Pacific. Eric Sayers, a non-resident fellow at the American Enterprise Institute, said security policy.

The Chinese Navy has 60 submarines, 6 of which are nuclear-attack submarines.

Negotiations with French companies

Prior to this announcement, Australia had been building as many as 12 French-designed nuclear submarines in consultation with the French company Naval Group. The cost of the program was estimated at up to $ 70 billion.

Biden said this was a multilateral effort and the trio welcomed long-standing support from its allies. “The United States looks forward to working closely with France and other major countries in the future,” he said.

US, UK support Australian submarine nuclear possession | Voice of America

Source link US, UK support Australian submarine nuclear possession | Voice of America

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