Despite countries responding to the rise of ransomware attacks, the future of UN-led efforts to develop rules for national behavior in cyberspace is uncertain, according to researchers and experts.
In March, UN member states of the Cyber Discussion Group reached an agreement on a set of so-called norms, or non-binding principles, including a ban on attacks on critical infrastructure in other countries. However, Russia and France have proposed two competing groups to replace the forum, which was scheduled to end this year.
Stefan Soesanto, Principal Researcher at the ETH Zurich University Security Research Center, said:
Moliech McMane, a consultant on cyber issues at the United Nations Institute for Disarmament, said at an online conference hosted by a foreign policy magazine, there is no formal way for UN member states to enforce non-binding principles, and it has been a long time to create one. He said it could take some time. On thursday. “I don’t think UN member states have relinquished their power,” she said.
Estonian ambassador Heli Tiirmaa-Klaar said that while the United States and its allies have momentum to work more closely on cybersecurity, governments around the world will protect their infrastructure and businesses from increased attacks. He says he is having a hard time. Cyber problem. “It’s like a pandemic and a lack of doctors. That’s the problem we’re having in cyberspace right now,” she said in an interview.
This year’s high-profile ransomware attack on Colonial Pipeline and meat processor JBS SA
Ireland’s public health system has drawn public attention to the turmoil that such incidents can cause. In response, the Biden administration has ordered federal agencies and software suppliers to implement baseline security standards such as multi-factor authentication and encryption, and has taken various initiatives to protect critical infrastructure from hacking. have started. Last week, the United States authorized the Russian cryptocurrency exchange to process payments linked to at least eight types of ransomware.
Also last week, President Biden said at the UN General Assembly that the United States “to strengthen critical infrastructure against cyberattacks, disrupt ransomware networks, and establish clear rules for roads in all countries associated with cyberspace. We are working on it. “
After Mr. Biden met with a group of seven countries, the European Union and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization in June, the group reiterated its commitment to fighting ransomware. The EU’s highest foreign policy official on Friday accused Russia of a cyberattack targeting governments and politicians in several member states. Moscow has consistently denied involvement in cyber attacks.
Dapo Akande, a professor of international public law at Oxford University, said ransomware attacks could violate international law if the government assists hackers or allows hackers to attack other countries. Stated. Akande said he and a group of legal experts from different countries will issue a statement in the coming weeks outlining how ransomware violates international law.
However, coordinating the response to cross-border cybercrime can be difficult. Law enforcement officials need to work better to investigate and prosecute hackers who are often out of their jurisdiction, Tiirma-Klaar said.
“Cyber experts in all countries are overwhelmed and the workload is increasing,” she said.
Write to CatherineStupp@wsj.com CatherineStupp
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UN Member States Call for New Cyber Discussions Amid Increasing Ransomware Attacks
Source link UN Member States Call for New Cyber Discussions Amid Increasing Ransomware Attacks