There are data suggesting that the United States suffered a dramatic decline in fertility in 2020 and that the pandemic was not the only reason.
New York – The video above is from May 2020.
The US birth rate fell 4% last year, the largest one-year decline in almost 50 years, according to a government report released Wednesday. The proportion of mothers of all major races and ethnicities has declined, dropping to the lowest point in almost age groups since federal health officials began tracking more than a century ago.
Births of young women have declined over the years, as many have postponed motherhood and have fewer families.
The birth rate of women in their late 30s to 40s is on the rise. But not last year.
Brady Hamilton of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the lead author of the new report, said:
The CDC report is based on over 99% of reviews of birth certificates issued last year. The findings reflect a recent Associated Press analysis of 2020 data from 25 states showing a decrease in births during the coronavirus outbreak.
According to experts, the pandemic undoubtedly contributed to the significant decline last year. Due to anxiety about COVID-19 and its economic implications, many couples seemed to think it was a bad idea to have a baby right away.
However, many pregnancies in 2020 began long before the epidemic in the United States. According to Hamilton, CDC researchers are working on a follow-up report to better analyze how the decline evolved.
Other highlights from the CDC report:
— Last year, about 3.6 million babies were born in the United States, down from about 3.75 million in 2019. When births surged in 2007, the United States recorded 4.3 million births.
— The birth rate in the United States has dropped to about 56 per 1,000 women of childbearing age, the lowest birth rate ever. The rate is half that of the early 1960s.
— The birth rate for ages 15-19 has fallen by 8% since 2019. It has been declining almost every year since 1991.
— The birth rate of Asian-American women has fallen by 8%. 3% for Hispanic women. 4% for black and white women. 6% for Native American or Alaska Native mothers.
— Caesarean delivery rate increased slightly to about 32%. Since 2009, it has been on a downward trend overall.
— Some good news: The proportion of infants born as small premature infants less than 37 weeks gestation has risen slightly for the fifth consecutive year and then declined slightly to 10%.
The current generation is even further away from having enough children to replace themselves.
The United States was once one of the few developed countries with high birth rates and enough children for each generation to replace it. About 12 years ago, the estimated rate was 2.1 children per woman in the United States. But it’s sliding, dropping to about 1.6 last year, the lowest rate ever.
The Associated Press’s Department of Health Sciences is supported by the Department of Science Education at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute. AP is solely responsible for all content.
U.S. birth rate drops to its lowest point in over 100 years
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