Know the signs of heat-related illnesses

TEXAS – These are not flash floods, tornadoes or even hurricanes. The number one time-related killer is the heat, and the heat is on in central Texas.

What You Need to Know

  • Record temperatures expected in Texas this week
  • The highs put parts of Texas on a dangerous heat designation
  • Both heat stroke and heat exhaustion may require immediate medical attention
  • Home remedies can help with less serious heat-related illnesses

Record temperatures are expected in south central Texas this week.

This puts us in dangerous hot territory and it is strongly recommended that you avoid outdoor activities. However, if you must be outside or your home lacks air conditioning, there are a number of warning signs of heat-related illnesses that you should be aware of. Heat-related illnesses can be prevented and these steps can save your life or the life of a loved one.

Heat stroke

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Preventionwarning signs for a heat stroke include a body temperature of 103 or higher, confusion, loss of consciousness, headache, nausea, dizziness, headache, fast, strong pulse, and hot, red, damp, or dry skin.

If you or someone you know is experiencing one or more of these symptoms with extreme heat, call 911 immediately. Heat stroke is a medical emergency. In addition, move the person to a cooler place and lower their temperature with cool cloths or a cool bath. It may sound strange, but the CDC says don’t give the person anything to drink.

Thermal depletion

Signs of heat exhaustion include heavy sweating, cold, pale, damp skin, rapid or weak pulse, nausea or vomiting, muscle cramps, tiredness or weakness, headache, dizziness, and fainting.

If you suspect that someone is experiencing heat exhaustion, move it to a cool place and loosen clothing. Apply a cool, damp cloth and drink water. If the person is vomiting or if symptoms worsen or last more than an hour, seek medical help.

Heat cramps

Heat cramps can occur when exercising or undergoing strenuous work with extreme heat. Symptoms include heavy sweating, muscle aches, or spasms.

If you experience these symptoms, stop working immediately and move to a cool place. Try to drink water or a sports drink and not get back into physical activity until the colic is over.

Get medical help if your cramps persist for more than an hour, are on a low-sodium diet when symptoms appear, or you have heart problems.


You have probably experienced this at least once, but your symptoms include red, painful, and hot skin. You may also experience blisters.

The CDC advises that you do not leave the sun until the burn is completely gone. It is also advisable to put fresh clothes on the affected areas or take a cool bath. You can apply a moisturizing lotion on the burned area. Don’t break the bubbles.

Heat eruption

Thermal rash appears as a small group of blisters that look like pimples on the skin, usually on the neck, chest, groin, or elbows.

It is advisable to stay in a cool place when it comes to a thermal eruption and keep the eruption dry. You can use baby powder to soothe the rash.

Know the signs of heat-related illnesses

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