Meteorologists warn that the high temperatures that are sweeping India and Pakistan are likely to have far-reaching effects on human health, ecosystems, agriculture, water, energy and the economy.
In recent days, hundreds of millions of people have been set on fire below 40 degrees Celsius across India and Pakistan. High temperatures are forecast to continue until May 2 and then subside.
The International Meteorological Organization says both India and Pakistan regularly experience high temperatures during the monsoon season, especially in May. Although heat waves occur in April, it is said to be less frequent.
WMO spokeswoman Clare Nullis said the Department of Meteorology and Hydrology in both countries are implementing measures that have been successful in saving lives in recent years.
“Much work has been put into thermal health action plans, especially to protect the most vulnerable and vulnerable in urban areas, where the effects of heat are likely to increase,” she said. “So we hope that the mortality rate from this ongoing event will be limited.
Nullis said that large parts of Pakistan have daytime temperatures between five and eight degrees Celsius above normal at this time of year. She said high temperatures would have a devastating effect on Pakistani, Gilgit-Baltistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa mountainous regions.
“The Pakistan Meteorological Agency warns that unusual temperatures could accelerate the melting of snow and ice, which could trigger what we call glacial water eruptions, leading to flash floods,” she said. “Obviously these are very deadly dangers.
Meteorologists say it is premature to attribute the extreme heat in India and Pakistan solely to climate change. However, they agree that it is in line with what is expected in a changing climate.
In its latest report, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change warns that heat waves and humidity are becoming more intense and frequent in South Asia this century.
India, Pakistan reel off the heat wave before the monsoon season
Source link India, Pakistan reel off the heat wave before the monsoon season