October 21, 2021
By Gavin Jones and Stephen Jewkes
Rome (Reuters) – Group of 20 developed countries split by promising to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius in preparation for the phasing out of coal and an important summit in Rome next week A source familiar with the negotiations said.
Emissions curtailed on the agenda of the Roman G20 meeting, October 30-31, which is considered an important step just before the broader UN Climate Change Conference, called COP26 in Glasgow, Scotland. There is a high need to do.
So far, large polluters such as China and India have continued, and little progress has been made since the G20 Energy and Environment Ministers met in Naples in July, three sources said. Told.
“The countries aren’t moving, and at this point we’re just making their position clear,” said one source.
However, he said, such uncompromising is normal at this stage, and concessions are unlikely to come before the G20 Climate Sherpas meet next Thursday and Friday, just before their leaders’ weekend meeting. Added.
“I think the problem lies in our commitment to 1.5 degrees and the phasing out of coal and fossil fuels by China, India and Russia,” said another source, the G20 minister.
In Naples, the Ministers of Energy and the Environment recognized that it was desirable to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius, but did not reach a clear commitment to reach the goal.
They also came to the leader, unable to reach a unanimous agreement on a date to end fossil fuel subsidies, suspend international lending to coal projects, and phase out coal-fired power altogether. He called for the barrel Roman Summit to fill the gap.
Big Hitters Stay Home
At least four G20 leaders are not expected to come to Rome, including China’s Xi Jinping, the world’s largest greenhouse gas emitter, and Russia’s Vladimir Putin, the largest energy producer.
According to one source, such absenteeism is “not a big political signal,” but it does not necessarily impede progress.
Neither Russia, China nor India have promised to achieve net zero carbon emissions by 2050 and are considered an important goal in limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius.
So far, China is most reluctant to commit to the 1.5 degree cap, but India is the most uncompromising to not promise net zero emissions by 2050, one source said. Said.
China and India are also one of a group of countries that have not yet presented a new national plan known as the National Decision Contribution (NDC) prior to COP 26 on how it can help control climate change.
UK President Alok Sharma, COP26 president, said in a speech this month that the G20, which accounts for 80% of world emissions, will be a “success or failure” to success in Glasgow.
However, one source said the breakthrough was more likely to occur in Glasgow than in Rome.
Large-scale emitters such as China, India and Russia tend to be under pressure from Western nations at the G20 and are in dire straits, he said.
He said the much larger UN forum was more “neutral” and encouraged compromise.
The Roman G20 will also focus on ways to accelerate the coronavirus pandemic and the recovery of the global economy, Italy’s Prime Minister Mario Draghi, who chairs the conference, said Wednesday.
(Written by Gavin Jones, edited by David Evans)
G20 splits coal, 1.5 degree climate limit prior to Roman summit – sources
Source link G20 splits coal, 1.5 degree climate limit prior to Roman summit – sources