March 2, 2022
(Reuters) – Russian President Vladimir Putin said at the weekend that his nation’s nuclear forces should be on high alert, raising fears that Russia’s invasion of Ukraine could lead to more nuclear power.
Here’s how Russia’s regime would work if nuclear weapons were launched.
WHO DECIDES TO SHOT RUSSIAN NUCLEAR WEAPONS?
2020 document https://archive.mid.ru/en/web/guest/foreign_policy/international_safety/disarmament/-/asset_publisher/rp0fiUBmANaH/content/id/4152094 called “Fundamentals of the State Policy of the Russian Federation” decided to use nuclear weapons.
A small briefcase, known as the Cheget, is always kept close to the President and connects him to the command and control system of Russia’s military nuclear force. Cheget does not contain a nuclear firearm, but sends ammunition to the central command of the army – the main army.
IF PUTIN GIVES NUCLEAR INSTRUCTIONS, WHAT DOES IT DO?
The Russian general file: /// C: /Users/8011323/Downloads/FOIR1588.pdf has access to firing codes and has two methods of firing nuclear warheads. It can send source code to individual officers, who would then carry out the shooting. There is also a backup system, known as Perimetr, that allows the general to launch direct missiles at land missiles and bypass all command posts.
DID “HIGH ALERT” MAKE PUTIN’S LIKE TO LOOK?
Putin said at the weekend that the nation’s nuclear forces should be on high alert. The next day, the Russian Ministry of Defense announced that its nuclear missile forces had been placed on “increased” combat duty.
The phrase increased military service or special military service does not appear in Russia’s nuclear theory, which makes military experts wonder what it might mean.
Pavel Podvig, a senior investigator at the United Nations Armed Forces Investigation Institute in Geneva, said on Twitter that the order could have activated Russia’s nuclear command and control system, in effect opening up channels of communication for any kind of shooting. Otherwise, he said, it could just mean that Russia would add staff to its nuclear facilities.
Do Russia have rules on nuclear launches?
The 2020 theory shows four conditions that could justify the use of Russian nuclear weapons:
Use of nuclear weapons or weapons of mass destruction against Russia or its allies;
– evidence that missiles fired at Russia or its allies were fired;
– an attack on important government or military bases that would undermine the response of the country’s nuclear forces;
– the use of conventional weapons against Russia “when the existence of the state is in danger”.
WHAT DOES RUSSIA MAKE A NUCLEAR CRY?
The Organization of American Scientists https://fas.org/issues/nuclear-weapons/status-world-nuclear-forces estimates that Russia has 5,977 nuclear warheads, more than any other country. Of these, 1,588 are on site and ready for use. Its missiles can be launched from land, with submarines and aircraft. Putin oversaw coordinated tests of Russia’s nuclear force on February 19, shortly before he deployed troops into Ukraine.
HAVE RUSSIA ALWAYS USED NUCLEAR WEAPONS IN WAR?
No. To date, the only use of nuclear weapons in conflict has been nuclear bombs dropped by the United States on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945, at the end of World War II.
(Reports by Crispian Balmer, edited by Rosalba O’Brien)
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