Explainer-In Canada’s tough elections, another minority government

File photo: Liberal leader Justin Trudeau, left-to-right, NDP leader Jagmeet Singh, and conservative leader Erin O’Toole debate English leaders in the federal elections in Gatineau, Canada, on September 9, 2021. Participate in the meeting.Adrian Wild / Reuters via Pool / File Photo

September 20, 2021

Ottawa (Reuters) – According to a poll, the party that won the majority of seats in the Canadian general election on Monday was not the second in a row, but one of the two leading candidates, Justin Trudeau, Liberal leader or Conservative leader. Erin Ottawa remains. – Trying to rule in the minority.

Six political parties are challenging the election.

Trudeau, who has led the minority government since 2019, has taken advantage of the Liberal Party’s response to the pandemic and called for early elections to act in the majority.

Here’s how the event takes place after voting:

When a political party wins a majority

If Trudeau wins a majority of the 338 seats in the House of Commons, he will remain prime minister. The party needs at least 170 seats for the majority. The Liberal Party currently has 155 seats.

If Outur wins the majority, he will take over as prime minister after a two-week transition period.

A political party won the most seats, but less than half

To govern Canada, the Prime Minister must show that he or she has the trust of the House of Representatives, the meeting room of the elected Parliament.

If the results are in the minority, the incumbent Prime Minister has the opportunity to confidently test his position. Even if Trudeau wins fewer seats than Outur, that’s true.

If the Liberal Party wins more seats than the Conservatives but falls below the majority, Trudeau will have to resort to opposition parties such as the Left New Democratic Party (NDP) and Greens again to pass the bill.

There is little chance of a formal coalition for New Democrats to serve in the Trudeau Cabinet. Canada has only one coalition, which was during World War I in 1917.

More likely, the NDP will continue to support the Liberal Party in exchange for Trudeau’s commitment to some of its priorities.

First step

If Trudeau decides to test the credibility of the House of Representatives, he can first swear in the Cabinet during a ceremony presided over by Governor Mary Simon, who represents Queen Elizabeth, the head of state based in Canada. I did.

You don’t need to do this right away, especially if you have auto-recounts on some seats where the results are particularly tight. The COVID-19 pandemic also has a record number of mail-voting votes, which could further delay the results.

Assuming Trudeau seeks to rule alone or with other political parties, he will convene the House of Commons. It doesn’t have to happen immediately, as the rules stipulate that Congress needs to meet only once a year.

If Trudeau loses his first confidence vote

If Trudeau loses his first distrust resolution, he can request another election. But perhaps the governor-general asked Outur if he could form a government and said he needed to avoid two elections in a row.

Outur may face more challenges on paper because the NDP is not ideologically consistent with the conservatives. But NDP leader Jagmeet Singh told Reuters that the party is expected to make a profit and play the role of kingmaker. He said he would work with anyone to reach the party’s goals.

The Conservatives can also rely on the separatist Bloc Québécois, who seeks independence in Quebec, which speaks primarily French. However, the idea that federal parties work with Brock is particularly sensitive.

(Edited by Peter Cooney)

Explainer-In Canada’s tough elections, another minority government

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