September 24, 2021
By Daphne Psaledakis and Michelle Nichols
United Nations (Reuters) – Faced with what is considered an existential threat, lowland and island nation leaders will become richer nations to act more strongly against warming planets at this week’s UN General Assembly. I begged.
The failure of developed countries to effectively control greenhouse gas emissions has contributed to rising sea levels, especially threatening islands and lowland countries to be at the mercy of water.
“We have no higher grounds for concessions,” Marshall Islands President David Kabua said in a pre-recorded speech at a high-level rally on Wednesday. “The world cannot delay climate change ambitions any further.”
Under the 2015 Paris Agreement on Climate Change Mitigation, countries have agreed to limit global temperature rise to 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 degrees Fahrenheit). To do so, scientists say the world needs to cut its global emissions in half by 2030 and reduce it to zero by 2050.
“The difference between 1.5 and 2 degrees is the death penalty in the Maldives,” President Ibrahim Mohamedsori told world leaders on Tuesday.
Guyana President Irfaan Ali criticizes large-scale pollutants for failing to meet their promise to curb emissions, accusing them of “deception” and “failure,” and climate change far more than the COVID-19 pandemic. Warned that it would kill many people.
“We will find that the world’s worst greenhouse gas emitters affecting the welfare of all humanity will ultimately have little benefit in becoming king in the dust world. I have the same hope of deafening, “Ali told world leaders Thursday.
He said states and countries on small islands with low-lying coastlines like Guyana would bear the full brunt of an imminent disaster, despite their lowest greenhouse gas emissions.
“This is not only unfair, but also unjust,” he said.
Richard Gowan, UN Director of the International Crisis Group, said a “sense of existential crisis” had occurred through the annual meeting at the United Nations.
“Both Beijing and Washington want to show that they are leading the fight against global warming. Small Island leaders must be able to listen to people at this General Assembly. For example, they would never do that, “Gowan said.
U.S. President Joe Biden said he plans to double funding to $ 11.4 billion annually by 2024 to work with Congress on Tuesday to help developing countries deal with climate change. rice field.
This funding will help achieve the $ 100 billion annual global goal set more than a decade ago to help vulnerable countries combat climate change by 2020.
China’s President Xi Jinping has promised to stop building coal-fired power plants abroad, and the move has been widely welcomed.
“We have to act now”
Biden and Xi made a commitment within the six weeks from October 31st to November. 12 COP26 United Nations Climate Change Conference in Glasgow, Scotland. UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said there was a risk of failure over distrust between rich and poor countries.
President Chang Santoki of Suriname, with many of the coastal areas in the lowlands, called for “ambitious and feasible promises” at COP26 and called on developed countries to re-promise $ 100 billion annually.
Santoki said that ideals and political commitments do not make much sense unless they are supported by new financial resources.
“For my country, Suriname, and countries with low coastal areas, we are fighting climate change because we are particularly vulnerable, despite having the least contribution to this issue. “He told the General Assembly.
Palau’s Pacific archipelagic state has warned that the world is out of time.
“Simply put, we must act now to ensure that our children have a healthy and reliable future. We need to act now before we can do more irreparable damage to the planet. “There is,” Palau President Surangel Whipps Jr. said at the rally.
British Prime Minister Boris Johnson, preparing to host COP26, called on world leaders on Wednesday to make the promises and joint pledges needed to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050.
He warned that in current orbit, temperatures would rise by more than 2.7 degrees Celsius by the end of this century.
“Don’t worry about what happens to the drift ice as it melts like ice here in Martini, New York,” Johnson said. “Desertification, droughts, crop failures and large-scale migration of humankind are seen on an unprecedented scale, not because of unexpected natural phenomena or disasters, but because of what we are doing now. Probably. “
(Report by Daphne Psaledakis and Michelle Nichols, additional report by Valerie Volcovici, edited by Mary Milliken and Grant McCool)
“Death sentence”: Lowland countries want faster action on the UN climate
Source link “Death sentence”: Lowland countries want faster action on the UN climate