Experts believe that Beijing may come to see North Korea as a lever to challenge Washington’s position on multiple issues, including the US goal of denuclearizing the Korean Peninsula.
“In the light of competition between the great powers, we see China using North Korea more than ever,” said Yoon Sang, director of the Stimson Center’s China program.
For example, if the United States wants China to uphold additional sanctions on North Korea, she added, “China is unlikely to obey unless the United States makes a round trip in several other ways.”
Former State Department official Evans Revere, who has extensive experience in negotiations with North Korea, said, “Because of the slump in US-China relations, some parts of China probably oppose China’s presence in the region. You’ll be looking at North Korea to share. As a strategic asset, even if North Korea’s nuclear position strains the Chinese. “” DPRK “is the official name of North Korea, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea. “PRC” stands for the official name of China, the People’s Republic of China.
Libya continued: “With the growth of competition between the United States and China, this view is likely to remain in the foreseeable future.”
China, like North Korea, wants to maintain “there are no US troops near the Chinese border,” according to a Pentagon report released earlier this month in China. The United States has about 28,000 troops stationed in South Korea.
Patrick Cronin, chairman of the Hudson Institute’s Asia-Pacific Security Committee, does not think Beijing sees North Korea’s nuclear weapons as an “asset,” but seems happy to take advantage of North Korea’s existence. A country that is busy with multiple challenges of “maintaining the United States,” distracting attention from the existence of North Korea. ”
VOA’s South Korean service called the Chinese embassy in Washington and sent an email seeking comments on the relationship between Beijing and Pyongyang and the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula. There was no reply.
Competition between Washington and Beijing is intensifying as China expands its global influence. According to a Pentagon report, Beijing “is ready to confront the United States and other countries in areas of different interests.”
Countering China’s military claims in the Indo-Pacific region, separating the world’s supply chain from Beijing, and maintaining a rule-based international order were Washington’s top priorities for the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula.
President Joe Biden and Chinese President Xi Jinping held their first one-on-one virtual summit on Monday as their leader.
“The two leaders discussed the complex nature of the relationship between the two countries and the importance of responsibly managing competition,” the White House said. According to the White House, the two also discussed “issues in major regions, including North Korea.”
“There is no doubt that the United States has expressed its determination to denuclearize North Korea,” Libya said at the Biden Sea conference. “Also, there are no signs that Xi has offered to cooperate with North Korea in exchange for US concessions in other areas. Earlier Chinese statements imply such trade-offs of this sort. The “trade” will not fit well with Washington. ”
Hours after the Biden-Xi virtual meeting, White House national security adviser Jake Sullivan said the United States and China need to work closely with North Korea.
“I saw a series of tests by North Korea,” Sullivan said at a webinar on Tuesday hosted by the Brookings Institution. “The United States has shown that if North Korea is ready to do the same, it is ready to tackle diplomacy in good faith, so coordination on that issue is also very important.”
North Korea has been testing multiple missiles in recent months, including ballistic missiles launched by railroads and submarines.
Various positions regarding denuclearization
Experts also noted the shift between Washington and Beijing on the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula.
“China clearly does not share the same interests as the United States in denuclearization,” Kronin said. And China’s recent move to expand its nuclear arsenal suggests that there are other priorities.
The Pentagon estimated that China could have 700 nuclear warheads by 2027 and 1,000 by 2030, according to the report.
According to Robert Manning, senior researcher at the Atlantic Council, China’s priorities are “no war” on the Korean Peninsula, “no collapse” of the North Korean regime, which could lead to the influx of refugees into China, and It was “no nuclear weapons”. In contrast, the US priority was “no nuclear weapons, no war.”
“Different priorities reveal the limits and tactical differences in diplomatic cooperation towards denuclearization,” Manning said.
China’s move to ease sanctions
China, North Korea’s most important trading partner, is pushing for easing sanctions on Pyongyang. The sanctions imposed by the United Nations Security Council cover the proliferation of nuclear weapons and human rights abuses.
Patricia Kim, a foreign policy expert at the Brookings Institution, said the two have different views on the order of denuclearization and easing sanctions due to the different priorities of the United States and China over North Korea. “.
China’s priority on maintaining stability on the Korean Peninsula has led to “first focus on North Korea’s political and economic integration into the region,” Kim said.
China, along with Russia, urged the UN Security Council to lift some economic sanctions on North Korea in a resolution submitted earlier this month.
Diplomacy between Washington and Pyongyang has been stalled since its October 2019 meeting in Stockholm.
The Biden administration offered to meet with North Korea “without preconditions,” but North Korea strongly resisted the offer.
China may try to use North Korea to counter the United States
Source link China may try to use North Korea to counter the United States