The Biodiversity Center submitted a legal petition to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Thursday morning calling for a ban on popular flea and tick collars associated with reports of thousands of cases of harm to pets and humans. ..
Developed by Bayer and now sold by Elanco, Celest Color is being scrutinized more and more, including parliamentary investigations and class actions, following a March article by the Midwestern Investigative Journalism Center and USA TODAY. The story found more than 75,000 reports of collar-related harm, including the deaths of at least 1,698 pets and the harm of nearly 1,000.
More:The popular flea collar is associated with the death of about 1,700 pets. EPA has not issued a warning.
The Biodiversity Center of Japan, a national non-profit conservation organization that oversees the EPA as part of its mission to protect endangered species, has obtained and shared widespread harm documents with the press.
The group’s petition, which the EPA needs to respond to, argues that the EPA needs to take action to protect pets and people. According to EPA documents, Celest has been the subject of more adverse event reports than any other product in EPA’s history, but measures have been taken to inform the public of the risks associated with pesticide-based collars. Is not … The petition outlines how the EPA’s registration decision on pesticides failed to protect pets and humans.
Lorient Bird, director of the Environmental Health Program at the Center for Biodiversity, said:
The US Environmental Protection Agency, which must determine whether the use of pesticides causes unreasonable adverse effects under federal law, did not immediately respond to requests for comment on the petition.
Bird said petition was filed in the past for controversial pesticides, such as chlorpyrifos, a pesticide associated with childhood brain injury, and tetrachlorpyrifos, another pesticide commonly used in pet collars. It was. The National Resource Defense Council initially petitioned to ban it in 2009. Despite years of legal action, neither pesticide is banned.
Government agencies often ignore petitions, but the organization has a six-year statute of limitations and can urge government agencies to respond, Bird said.
The Biden administration has promised to follow science in decision-making and has expressed concern about the Trump administration’s decision to prioritize politics over science.
“If this administration wants to show that it’s different, this is an opportunity,” Bird said.
Eli Lilly and Company’s former subsidiary, Elanco Animal Health, did not immediately respond to requests for comment. In 2019, Elanco acquired the veterinary drug division of German pharmaceutical giant Bayer for $ 7.6 billion. In its 2019 annual report, German agribusiness and pharmaceutical company Bayer reported revenues of more than $ 300 million on Celest alone. In a previous interview, Elanco reviewed 1,698 reports of pet deaths, but said there was no link between the collar and death.
Agricultural chemical approval issues
The US Environmental Protection Agency is responsible for regulating products containing pesticides and conducts chemical registration reviews every 15 years.
Celest Color, which should work for eight months with frequent pesticide excretion on pet fur, contains two active ingredients, flumethrin and imidacloprid.
Imidacloprid is a member of the most widely used neonicotinoid pesticides in agriculture. While many of the registrations focused on agricultural applications, imidacloprid is frequently used to treat pet fleas and mites. Imidacloprid and most neonicotinoids are banned in the European Union as they are associated with the massive killing of non-target insects such as honeybees.
Flumethrin is a pyrethroid insecticide used in only one product, Celest.
Both pesticides are in the final stages of reapproval. Much of the EPA-approved research is carried out by the companies that sell the products.
The petition claims that the EPA underestimates the risk of collars in the approval of both pesticides.
► Epidemiological studies of both pesticides have found that when pregnant women are exposed to chemicals, their children are at increased risk of autism spectrum disorders.
► Despite Bayer’s work highlighting the “synergistic effect” of the two chemicals, the toxic effect caused by the mixing of pesticides, authorities only examined each chemical individually when approving Celest. ..
► Authorities to determine that the chemical is safe for dogs, despite a study showing that dogs are more sensitive than rats at one-seventh dose in a 2017 imidacloprid risk assessment Relied on rat toxicity studies.
► In a 2017 risk assessment, the EPA determined that children exposed to imidacloprid in their pet collars could be at risk. However, after evaluation, Bayer Animal Health submitted two new studies that reduce the likelihood of children being exposed. One of these studies was performed in rats using agricultural seed treatment rather than pet collars.
The petition also includes a copy of a handful of complaints filed by pet owners and veterinarians with the National Agricultural Chemicals Information Center and the Food and Drug Administration about Celeste.
According to the company, the incident rate is low
Under federal pesticide law, companies are required to submit product-related incident reports to the EPA. In many cases, the company receives the complaint through customer service and later forwards the complaint number to the EPA.
The Center for Biodiversity claims that this leads to underreporting of cases, but veterinarians associated with Elanco increase the number of harmful case reports because the reports are correlated rather than causal. Claims that there is a possibility.
In a recent interview, Renee Schmid, senior veterinary toxicologist at Pet Poison Helpline and Safety Call International, said, “I am very pleased with the safety profile of both of these ingredients.”
According to Schmidt, the Pet Poison Helpline has received 400 calls about Celest over the last five years, with about nine out of ten pets wearing collars. Most of those pets were vomiting or had diarrhea.
Elanco recommended that Midwest Center and USA Today talk to Schmidt. Elanco frequently employs SafetyCall International to assess the safety of Seresto and other products.
According to Schmidt, one of his colleagues investigated a case related to Celest and found that it was unlikely that Celest had killed 1,698 people.
“I feel very unlikely that there will be true deaths due to the Celeste color component,” Schmidt said.
More than 25 million collars have been sold, and the overall incident review rate is low, Schmidt said. In a press release, Elanco stated that the incidence was 0.3%. This means that 1 in 300 dogs are reporting problems. Most of them are hair loss, the company said.
Celest pet collar linked to a report of harm. EPA is asked to ban it
Source link Celest pet collar linked to a report of harm. EPA is asked to ban it