Billings-Keystone XL, Montana, died after 12 years of trying to build an oil pipeline, but bold environmentalists pressured other projects to target and intervene in President Joe Biden As a result, the battle for crude oil in Canada is intensifying. It keeps rising.
Biden had a fatal blow to the partially built $ 9 billion Keystone XL in January, when it revoked the border crossing permit issued by former President Donald Trump. On Wednesday, sponsors TC Energy and Alberta gave up and declared the line “finished.”
Activists and many scientists have warned that the pipeline will open new taps on Canadian oil sands crude — and burning heavily polluted fuels will trap climate change. Canada’s crude oil exports to the United States increased steadily, largely driven by production from the oil sands region of Alberta, as the battle escalated to a national debate over fossil fuels.
Even before the cancellation, environmentalists were paying attention to other projects, including a proposal by energy supplier Embridge to expand and rebuild the Minnesota Line 3 pipeline.
“I don’t think these battles will be gone soon,” said Daniel Raimi, a fellow at the Resources for the Future, a Washington energy and environment think tank. “This will encourage environmental advocates to do the same more.”
Author Bill McKibben, who was arrested outside the White House in protest of Keystone XL in 2011, was defeated by other pipelines, including Line 3 from the Bakken oil field in North Dakota and the Dakota Access Pipeline. Said to provide a template for killing.
McKibben, who described Keystone XL as a “carbon bomb,” said Line 3 was the same size and “carried the same thing. Can anyone say that Line 3 passed the climate test?”
“The cancellation of Keystone XL will not affect the project,” said Embridge, “designed to meet current energy demands in a safer and more environmentally friendly way.”
The second TC Energy pipeline network, simply known as Keystone, has been supplying crude oil from Canada’s oil sands region since 2010. According to the company, more than 3 billion barrels of oil have moved on routes from Alberta to Illinois, Oklahoma, and the Gulf. ..
Canada is the largest foreign oil supplier to the United States, importing approximately 3.5 million barrels per day from neighboring countries in 2020. That’s 61% of all US oil imports.
During the coronavirus pandemic, the flow decreased slightly, but most rebounded. Imports have nearly doubled since Keystone XL was first proposed in 2008, according to the US Energy Information Administration.
The Canadian Petroleum Producers Association said Thursday that the cancellation of Keystone XL would not have an immediate impact on production, but the group predicted that more oil would travel by rail to the United States.
A series of violent accidents occurred in the United States and Canada after increased rail transport of crude oil during the oil boom in Northern Planes, including the 2013 incident of a runaway train derailing in Lac-Mégantic, Quebec.
Controversy over Keystone XL and other routes heightened diplomatic tensions between the two countries, but Canada’s Prime Minister Justin Trudeau adopted a tone of reconciliation with Biden, who canceled the pipeline on the first day at the White House. ..
According to Canada’s Natural Resources Canada, Canada uses far less oil than it produces, making it a huge exporter, with 98% of its exports directed to the United States.
Trudeau raised Keystone XL as Biden’s top priority, acknowledging that the president had promised to cancel the line in his campaign.
Both leaders have been enthusiastic at home over Keystone, at the expense of hundreds of jobs, as Republicans blamed Biden for closing it while construction was underway. The project aims to expand oil exports to Canada, the world’s third-largest oil reserve, and Alberta officials want Trudeau to do more to save it. I was hoping.
The White House declined to comment on the cancellation. Spokesperson Vedant Patel did not say whether Biden would address the rise in oil exports from Canada or intervene in other pipeline disputes.
His actions on Keystone “show at least some willingness to get involved,” but the pipeline, which has been in operation for years, will be a tougher goal, Raimi said.
Winona LaDuke, secretary-general of the indigenous-based environmental group Honor the Earth, called on Biden to withdraw permission from Army Corps of Engineers Line 3 and order a new investigation.
“He was able to stop the project,” she said. “Don’t ask us to be kind to Embridge. They are everywhere in our land. They are hurting us.”
The Sierra Club’s secretary general, Michael Brune, said the Biden administration was “disturbingly quiet” on Line 3 and the Dakota Access Pipeline. He urged the administration to declare that both were unacceptable.
The Dakota Access Pipeline, which was strongly opposed by Native Americans, was the driving force behind protests suppressed by law enforcement agencies. The Biden administration did not try to stop the line, and it is still in court after the judge revoked the permit but allowed oil to continue flowing.
Alberta sank more than $ 1 billion into Keystone XL last year to start construction. State officials are considering trade action with the United States to seek compensation.
Keystone XL price tags swelled as the project slumped, rising from $ 5.4 billion to $ 9 billion.
Another question: What to do with pipes already installed on the US-Canada border and other infrastructure along their routes.
Jane Cleeve, an opponent of the Nebraska pipeline, said state regulators should revoke approvals for routes through the state. Otherwise, TC Energy may try to sell the easement to another company, she said.
Farmers and ranchers will continue to meet with TC Energy lawyers in court until the state acts, “protecting their property from expropriation by foreign companies,” she said.
Canada’s Oil Rage Battle After the End of the Pipeline | Voice of America
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