Health

Births have fallen to 42-year lows in the U.S., new CDC data show

The number of births in the United States will decline by 4% in 2020, dropping to the lowest level since 1979, and the birth rate continues to decline for several years. This is due to a report released Wednesday by the National Center for Health Statistics of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

The agency reported 3,605,201 births in 2020. This was down from 3,747,540 in the previous year, based on provisional data from more than 99% of birth certificates issued that year. 2020 will be the sixth consecutive year of declining births in the United States. Meanwhile, according to provisional figures, the total fertility rate fell to a record low in 2020, and the number of births per 1,000 women aged 15-44 fell by 4% year-on-year to 55.8.

Among teens, many have shifted to Remote learning According to data released by the CDC, the pandemic has caused a sharp drop in fertility. The birth rate of young women between the ages of 15 and 19 reached a record low in 2020, with births per 1,000 people declining to 15.3, down 8% year-on-year.It’s an important continuation Downtrend Over the last two decades, it has fallen 75% from its latest peak in 1991. The birth rate for girls between the ages of 10 and 14 was 0.2 per 1,000 in 2020 and has not changed since 2015.

The CDC also said that the total fertility rate, which reflects the average number of births a woman has in her lifetime, fell to a record low in 2020, and the number of births per 1,000 women fell to 1,637.5, down 4% from 2019. I calculated. The CDC said it had about 2,100 births per 1,000 women, lower than the level the agency called the “shift” level, or the rate required for generations to replace themselves. According to the CDC, the total fertility rate has generally been below the exchange level since 1971 and has been “consistently” below that level since 2007.

Some experts have warned about the decline in fertility rates and what this means for the US economy in the coming years. In a recent interview with Tony Dokoupil, co-host of “CBS This Morning,” Dowell Myers, a demographic studyer at the University of Southern California, called the phenomenon a “crisis.”

“We need people of working age enough to carry the luggage of these elderly people who deserve retirement. They deserve all qualifications and they will live for another 30 years,” he said. Said. “No one in the history of the world has dealt with so many older people.”

Pandemics can exacerbate decline. The Brookings Institution predicted a “big, long-lasting baby bust” that would reduce at least 300,000 children in 2021. More than 20 state health departments have provided records for CBS News, showing a 7% decline in births in December. The first blockade has begun. Phil Cohen, a sociologist at the University of Maryland, said the December decline was the largest he had seen since the end of the baby boom in 1964.

“I don’t know if it’s the beginning of a big drop next year or a shock from March,” Cohen said in February. “But based on history, I tend to think that everything next year will be very depressed for childbirth.”

Births have fallen to 42-year lows in the U.S., new CDC data show

Source link Births have fallen to 42-year lows in the U.S., new CDC data show

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