Juneteenth has been considered America’s “second day of independence” since June 19, 1865, when Union Army General George Granger entered Galveston and declared the last slaves of Texas free.
Juneteenth, the day of the emancipation of slaves in the United States, was declared a federal holiday last year.
President Joe Biden laid a pen last June in the White House to sign the bill, and yesterday was Juneteenth Second Independence Day.
In the past, it was called ‘Emancipation Day’.
It is unclear what Juneteenth National Independence Day was called, but Democratic Rep. Sheila Jackson Lee said that America had become “a truly free land and a home for the brave.” He was rescued in Texas in 1865.
When he introduced the bill in 2020, he said: “[Juneteenth] it remembers freedom while acknowledging the sacrifices and contributions made by brave African Americans to become a more conscious and acceptable country that has become our great nation.
“It was after that day in 1865, on the heels of the most devastating conflict in the history of our country, that he turned his brother against his brother, his neighbor against his neighbor after the civil war, and threatened to break the fabric of our union forever. , That America had truly become the land of the free and the home of the brave. ‘
Vice President Kamala Harris stated in his speech that 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue was built by slaves.
The bill was passed by Congress, and only 14 Republicans rejected the measure, citing “confusion” on July 4, the “push for a left-wing identity policy” and too many federal holidays in the U.S..
But Juneteenth has been considered America’s “second day of independence” since June 19, 1865, when Union Army General George Granger entered Galveston and declared the last 250,000 slaves in Texas free.
Abraham Lincoln outlawed slavery with the Declaration of Emancipation in 1862, but law enforcement depended on whether the Union Army could be reached.
It is celebrated every year and has been repeated several times, including Jubilee Day, Freedom Day, Liberation Day and Emancipation Day.
It is now a national holiday supported by Democrats and Republicans.
President Biden said Thursday that it was “one of the greatest honors” of his presidency. He called slavery a “moral stain” and an “original sin” that still affects the United States today. President Harris said it was important to “teach our children” a part of American history.
WHAT IS JUNETEENTH? THE DAY THE LAST SLAVES WERE RELEASED IN TEXAS
Juneteenth, June 19 and portmanteau, is also known as Emancipation Day.
He remembers the day in 1865, when the Confederate states surrendered to end the Civil War, when a Union general arrived in Texas to inform the last group of slave slaves of their freedom under the 1863 Emancipation Proclamation of President Abraham Lincoln.
Emancipation Day Celebration in Austin, Texas, 1900. Juneteenth is celebrated every year and has had several rehearsals, including Jubilee Day, Freedom Day, Liberation Day and Emancipation Day. It is now a national holiday supported by Democrats and Republicans
Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrendered in Appomattox, Virginia, about two months after his surrender.
Granger enacted the Emancipation Proclamation and it became law. African Americans have marked the day across the country and many states have continued to make it an official holiday.
Activist Opal Lee Juneteenth was recognized by President Joe Biden at a White House celebration, where the president turned Juneteenth into a federal holiday.
In 1980, Texas was the first state to be officially named a holiday. The passage of the bill is celebrated by a state representative of Al Edwards (D-Houston), who introduced the legislation in 1979.
It is currently recognized in 46 other states and the District of Columbia. Big companies like Twitter and Square have also marked it as a break from the company and are recognized by brands like Nike and Target.
Opal Lee, a 94-year-old “Juneteen’s grandmother,” was in the White House with President Biden and Vice President Kamala Harris.
On June 19, 1939, at the age of 12, he was attacked and burned by a white mob at his home in Marhsall, Texas. He retired as a primary school teacher in 1977 and later devoted his life to activism.
In 2016, he traveled 1,400 miles from Fort Worth to Washington DC to ask the Obama administration to make June 19 a national holiday.
Although it is partly a celebration, it is also a day to pay tribute to those who suffered in slavery in the United States more than 400 years ago.
Many cities across the country hold major parades and festivals.
This year, Galveston will present a 5,000-square-foot memorial called ‘Absolute Equality’, where Granger told slaves they were free.
WHAT WAS MOST SIGNIFICANT LAST YEAR AND HOW DID THE CALLS GROW TO BE A FEDERAL HOLIDAY?
Statue of Al Edwards, a representative of the state of Texas, in Galveston, who introduced legislation for the 1979 Juneteenth Holiday.
Last year, Juneteenth joined a May 25, 2020 protest against Floyd, a black man who was in the custody of Minneapolis police.
It also contributed to the outbreak of coronavirus, which disproportionately affected communities of color. Donald Trump, who was on fire for his response to the two crises, was more critical of the rescheduling of the Tulsan (Oklahoma) election. Since then, he has moved on to the next day.
Tulsa is an important and particularly sensitive site where a white mob massacred African-American neighbors in 1921.
This year marks the 100th anniversary of the massacre, and has helped push for reparations for victims.
Community organizations across the nation devoted the day to discussions on police and civil rights ahead of the November election.
HOW DID PEOPLE MARK THE DAY? WALKING MARCH AND PARADE
People celebrated the 155th anniversary with festive meals and gatherings across the country. Although many cities canceled annual parades due to the pandemic, other groups opted for virtual talks or smaller events.
In Washington, the group organized marches, protests and rallies. Amid waves of racial justice protests, some U.S. businesses have pledged to change their policy, including recognizing the holiday.
Companies that have announced that Juneteenth will be recognized as a paid vacation include the National Football League, The New York Times, Twitter and Square.
People are facing the state of Al Edwards in Galveston on June 19, 2020
Bill Nye is educated online after Juneteenth said it was the end of slavery in the US
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