Tech

Authorities warn that the United States must protect five key technologies to remain a superpower

Washington – US intelligence has issued a harsh warning: America’s position as a global superpower relies on maintaining five major technological leads – and its rivals all of them. I’m trying to steal.

Officials said they were concerned that the theft of U.S. technology from abroad could not only rob U.S. economic leadership in key sectors, but also threaten the ability of countries to continue to operate in the industry. ..

The five technologies identified by intelligence professionals are:

Authorities cited legitimate and illegal activities undertaken, especially by China, that undermine competitiveness in areas such as steel and solar panels. They also pointed to China’s annihilation of the Australian railway industry as an example.

“We don’t want what happened in these other industries to happen here,” said Michael Orlando, deputy director of the Office of the National Counterintelligence under the Director of National Intelligence. rice field. When asked about the implications of the US losing hegemony, he said, “It may be tough. We can’t afford to lose them, so we have to focus on these industries.” ..

In a new report, NCSC said, “These sectors are creating technology that could determine whether the United States will continue to be the world’s leading superpower or be eaten by strategic competitors in the coming years. “.

In each region, enemy nations have used a combination of legal and illegal methods to steal and replicate American technology, from recruitment to mergers and acquisitions, hacking and old-fashioned spycraft, officials said.

Over the past few months, officials have explained the dangers to their research to a small group of executives and scholars. Now that the report has been published, authorities are planning to reach out to industry and universities more aggressively.

Officials say that many private sector leaders, from joint ventures and partnerships to mergers and acquisitions, outreach from Chinese and Russian entities will acquire these technologies and replace US companies. Producing them said they do not understand that they are part of the government’s national strategy for.

Intelligence agencies fear that not only will US companies lose their advantage, but they will also be completely ousted from the tech sector, which is essential to the 21st century.

“It’s not just the loss of intellectual property, it’s the loss of a complete business model,” said Edward You, National Counterintelligence Officer at NCSC’s Emerging and Disruptive Technologies. He said that vulnerabilities are especially serious in health technology. “Because of our myopic eyes, we may one day wake up and find that we are a crack addict in health care and that China is our proponent.”

Their goal is to be the recipient of sophisticated and often malicious efforts by foreign governments to give up valuable technology to businesses and universities, and some transactions that look like simple commerce. Explain that it is more dangerous. Country.

“People are having a hard time understanding the big picture here and how legal and illegal come together,” said Orlando. While certain transactions can be attractive to individual benefits, American business leaders need to be aware that these offers are not.

“It wasn’t just because it was a good investment,” he said. “Because it was part of this larger plan.”

However, intelligence officials have recommended “separating” the US and Chinese economies because of the recognition that cooperation can be mutually beneficial, or have a flow of students and employees from China and Russia. I stopped stopping.

The overall concern is that the United States will lose the ability to develop and manufacture its own supply chain of biological and healthcare products. This vulnerability became too apparent during the Covid-19 pandemic and could be exacerbated during the next pandemic. According to you.

“We depend on them,” he said. “They were able to develop countermeasures before anyone else. Effective defense is equivalent to attack. They can withhold supply as in the case of masks. They Has all the strategic benefits. “

Artificial intelligence

According to the report, China “has the power, talent and ambition to surpass the United States as a global leader in AI over the next decade if current trends remain unchanged.” Officials quote US indictment in 2020 against two Chinese hackers working with the Chinese Department of Homeland Security in a 10-year hacking campaign against a wide range of western targets, including UK-based AI companies Did.

Officials also expressed concern about Russia, citing MIT’s 2019 announcement to expand partnerships with Russia’s Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology and the Skolkovo Foundation. MIT said the partnership will focus on “strengthening research cooperation between individual faculty members of the two institutions.”

U.S. officials pointed out that in 2018 the U.S. Treasury imposed sanctions on Viktor Vekselberg, who heads the Skolkovo Foundation. (After the sanctions were announced, the university removed him from the board.)

Quantum computing

According to reports from the intelligence community, quantum computers can, in principle, use the unique properties of atoms and photons to solve certain problems much faster than regular computers, but national security and economics. It will bring challenges.

“Large quantum computers have the potential to enable decryption of the most commonly used cybersecurity protocols, potentially jeopardizing the infrastructure that protects today’s economic and national security communications. There is, “the report said.

In the competition to develop practical quantum computers, officials said the winner would have a tremendous strategic advantage. The report said foreign competitors are recruiting American experts to advance their own quantum programs.

“Anyone who buys a quantum computer can break all the cryptosystems here,” Orlando said. “And quantum radar can detect our stealth aircraft and submarines.”

Bioscience

Authorities were particularly critical of China’s WuXi Biologics, which acquired the Bayer manufacturing plant in Germany, the Pfizer manufacturing plant in China, and the CMAB Biopharma Group in China. The Chinese company is also building manufacturing plants in Delaware, Massachusetts, and Ireland.

Due to the company’s huge production capacity, American bioscience companies that manufacture vaccines and other biotechnology products may find that they use plants under Chinese control by default. “They no longer have to steal our intellectual property,” you said.

“If we want to expand our manufacturing industry, we depend on the manufacturing industry in China, so we need to give them IP. [to produce the products].. “

semiconductor

The vulnerabilities in the semiconductor supply chain are well known, but reports show that the United States relies heavily on a single Taiwanese company. We also found that adversaries could gain access to the supply chain and place compromised chips in US commercial and defense systems.

Authorities have picked out a wave of Chinese acquisitions in this area, including China’s private-equity fund Wise Road Capital’s acquisition of South Korea-based Magna Chip for $ 1.4 billion.

Autonomous system

The report concludes that autonomous systems also present potential security threats. This is achieved by expanding the variety of target hackers, enabling them to be tracked in the future, and collecting vast amounts of data about drivers in the United States.

Authorities quoted a September report that Chinese had illegally purchased an Italian-based military drone company to collect autonomous technology. Authorities have flagged the 2019 arrest of former Apple employees charged with stealing the secrets of self-driving cars from Apple and planned to hand them over to Chinese competitors.

Authorities warn that the United States must protect five key technologies to remain a superpower

Source link Authorities warn that the United States must protect five key technologies to remain a superpower

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