Newborn babies are hugged by their mother while they sleep.
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New data from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s National Center for Health Statistics show that US fertility and fertility rates fell to their lowest levels since 1979 for the sixth consecutive year, resulting in another record low in 2020. It has dropped.
The CDC said in preliminary birth data released Wednesday that US births fell 4% from 2019 last year, doubling the average annual decline of 2% since 2014. The total fertility rate and general fertility rate have also decreased by 4% since 2019, reaching record lows. According to the CDC, the birth rate in the United States is very low, and the country is “below the alternative level.” That is, every day more people die than they are born.
The agency did not directly attribute the overall decline in births to the Covid-19 pandemic, but the birth rate of women in New York City who gave birth outside five provinces during the peak of the outbreak in the United States. I looked it up.
Women fled the city to give birth from March to November last year, and out-of-town births for New Yorkers peaked in April and May, reaching more than 10% in both months, up more than 70% year-on-year. did. For white women, the proportion of suburban births in 2020 was 2.5 times that in 2019. Suburban births of black and Hispanic women are fairly low, increasing only in the last two months.
Overall, between 2019 and 2020, Hispanic women’s births fell by 3%, and white and black women’s births fell by 4%.
Birth rates for teens have fallen sharply, with births aged 15-17 declining by 6% and births aged 18-19 declining by 7%, both record lows.
Birth rates for women aged 20-24 and 25-29 fell by 6% and 4%, respectively, both record lows. According to CDC data, fertility rates fell by 4% and 2% in women aged 30-34 and 35-39, respectively, but did not reach record lows.
The fertility rate of women aged 40 was 44, down 2% from 2019, but the fertility rate of women aged 45 and over remained unchanged. According to the CDC.
The data is based on population estimates derived from the 2010 Census as of 1 July and the number of all birth records received and processed by the National Center for Health Statistics as of 11 February. These records represent almost 100% of registered births that occur. In 2020.
Some experts say that lower fertility rates, along with a correlation between higher unemployment and lower fertility rates, may represent a shortage of important resources such as housing and food in these demographics. It states that there is. Nevertheless, there is still debate about the future economic impact of lower fertility rates.
According to the CDC, US fertility and fertility hit record lows in 2020.
Source link According to the CDC, US fertility and fertility hit record lows in 2020.