Texas

A mysterious new system of borders keeps guessing immigrants

Brownsville, Texas — After hearing rumors that families with children in Central America are allowed entry into the United States, Irmapas takes Honduras with her husband and two children to nearly two banks of Rio Grande. I embarked on a monthly journey.

They were allowed to roam in the cold water, move to the Immigration Bureau and demand asylum in the country.

“I thought,’Thank you, my lord.’ She said while waiting with her three- and five-year-old sons and daughters at the Brownsville bus stop. They traveled to Oklahoma. I was planning to join my father-in-law and bring the documents to be presented at a future immigration court.

Meanwhile, in the Mexican border town of Reynosa, El Salvador’s mother sobbed after US border authorities expelled her and her eight-year-old daughter. Their situation was almost the same as Pass’s family, but they suffered a completely different fate. Under President Joe Biden’s administration, it is the result of a mysterious new system that governs the fate of thousands of immigrants with children who have arrived at the border in recent weeks.

The criteria for admission to the United States are kept secret. Homeland Security Secretary Alejandro Mallorcas only mentions an “acute vulnerability” that qualifies families to be released in the United States to pursue asylum rather than immediate exile.

The mystery leaves speculation to immigrants as they arrive at the border.

For Pass, the system meant a ticket to Tulsa and an opportunity to reconnect with relatives. For El Salvador’s woman, Roxana Cardosa, it meant being banished to a violent Mexican border city with no food or money and sleeping on the concrete of the square.

Expulsion seeks to maintain some elements of former President Donald Trump’s deterrence policy while taking a more relaxed stance on the most vulnerable migrants, many of the challenges facing the new administration at the border. It is one of. The issue also approaches Biden’s efforts to pass a groundbreaking law that gives the estimated 11 million people illegally staying in the United States a path to citizenship.

The asylum system arose from the emergency measures enacted during the coronavirus pandemic by the Trump administration, which is unevenly applied by Biden.

More than seven of the ten border encounters in February were pandemic-related, known as “Title 42,” named after part of the ambiguous public health law that the Trump administration enacted a year ago. Exiled under power.

Biden maintains title 42 as it promises to be a “humanitarian asylum”. Citizens of Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador usually return to Mexico within two hours, while people of other nationalities are detained in the United States to return without an opportunity for asylum.

On a break from Trump, the Biden administration will release most children traveling alone to relatives in the United States and notify them to appear in immigration courts. Nearly 9,500 children arrived in February, an increase of 60% over the previous month.

Nine of the ten encounters with single adults in February resulted in expulsion under Title 42. Mallorcus said last week that the United States makes exceptions only to adults with “certain acute vulnerabilities.”

The family falls in the middle. Six out of ten immigrant families encountered by authorities in February were allowed to stay in the United States to seek asylum. Another factor, according to Mallorcus, is that Mexico may limit the return of families, including the Rio Grande Valley in Texas, which is the busiest corridor for illegal crossings. Family arrivals in February exceeded 19,200, more than double the previous month.

Limited detention space for nationals who cannot be exiled to Mexico could also affect those released in the United States, Teresa, managing director of immigration and cross-border policy at the Bipartisan Policy Center. Cardinal Brown said.

The administration has a strong incentive to keep that reasoning secret.

“We know that once the standards are clear, immigration decisions will continue,” said Brown, a former Homeland Security official.

It didn’t stop immigrants from guessing.

Brian Hastings, head of the Border Guard division, encountered about 2,000 migrants in the Rio Grande region on Thursday, while the average daily peak under Trump in May 2019 was. He said there were about 1,600 people.

The Rio Grande Valley Catholic charity received 150-200 families per day from U.S. authorities last week, but the numbers are fluctuating, said sister Norma Pimentel, the group’s secretary general. .. Border guards appeared to be liberating families with children under the age of six.

One of those families was released on Sunday as a sunset over McAllen, Texas. 30-year-old Joel Robo held the hand of his 4-year-old daughter and crossed a busy road. His wife and eldest daughter stayed in Honduras. He heard from his sister and father in Virginia that only families with young children were being processed for asylum.

Robo left to arrive in Reynosa two weeks ago and said he was fleeing poverty. They crossed the river, walked on dirt roads, and then handed over to the border guards. They slept in the soil under the bridge overnight during US detention.

“She is still angry with me,” Robo said when she saw her daughter Fernanda. Fernanda grinned at him, explaining that he was scared and cold during the trip. “It was all very dangerous and it was a long journey overall. But we are relieved.”

The future is bleak for families returning to Mexico.

An El Salvadorian woman, 25, who was exiled with her daughter, was waiting in a square outside the Mexican government building in Reynosa. Mexican officials forced them to leave the site for a nearby park on Saturday.

“I don’t know what’s next for us,” she said, shifting her gaze among dozens of other migrants. “This will be difficult. It’s not easy to get home.”

Baptist Rev. Edrey Rodriguez, who frequently visits areas where immigrants are dropped off by US authorities, said some families would arrive with false hopes.

“With the change of power, they heard that they had many opportunities and they decided to come,” he said. “They seized the opportunity, but there was no Plan B.”

A mysterious new system of borders keeps guessing immigrants

Source link A mysterious new system of borders keeps guessing immigrants

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