The United Nations chief said on Wednesday that a quarter of humanity – 2 billion people – live in conflict zones today and that the world is facing the most violent conflict since 1945, when World War II ended.
Secretary-General Antonio Guterres cited clashes between Yemen, Syria, Myanmar and Sudan to Haiti, the Sahel in Africa, “and now the war in Ukraine – a catastrophe that shakes the foundations of international order, floods borders and causes sky-high food, fuel and fertilizer prices. which is a disaster for developing countries. “
He told the UN peacebuilding committee on Wednesday that last year 84 million people had been forced to flee their homes due to conflict, violence and human rights abuses. And that does not include the Ukraine war, which has already seen 4 million people flee the country and an additional 6.5 million within the country, according to UN agencies.
Guterres said the UN estimates that “at least 274 million people will need humanitarian aid this year”. This is a 17% increase from 2021 and will cost US $ 41 billion to help 183 million people, according to the UN Humanitarian Office.
Guterres also cited 2 billion people living in conflict countries in a report to the Commission at the end of January, which said that a record number would be 56 state conflicts by 2020. That does not include the Ukraine war, which began with the Russian invasion on February 24 and has affected almost all 40 million people in the country.
The commissioner told the commission that the conflict was escalating “at the moment a multiplier risk that pushes peace beyond reach – inequality, COVID-19, climate change and cyber threats, to name a few.”
He also noted the rise of military coups and forced takeovers around the world, a growing nuclear arsenal, human rights and international law under attack, and criminals and terrorist organizations “fueling – and profiting from – fragmentation and conflict.
“The fire of conflict is driven by inequality, deprivation and underfunded systems,” Guterres said, and must address these issues as soon as possible.
According to his report to the committee, the world is seeing a growing globalization of conflicts within countries, and this, together with the “fragmentation and proliferation” of armed groups linked to criminal and terrorist networks, “makes it difficult to find solutions,” he said. .
As a result, Guterres said, “there are fewer political settlements in the conflict,” with Colombia as a notable exception.
“In the last decade, the world has spent $ 349 billion on peacekeeping, humanitarian aid and refugee support,” he said. “And international military spending increased to nearly $ 2 trillion by 2020.”
The Peacebuilding Committee has worked to promote peace and prevent conflict in countries including Côte d’Ivoire, Iraq, the Great Lakes region of Africa and Papua New Guinea, the secretary general said, and the Peacebuilding Fund has grown to invest $ 195 million last year.
But it is based on voluntary donations and the need for peace-building far exceeds resources, which is why Guterres said he was asking the UN General Assembly to estimate a total of $ 100 million annually for the fund in 193 UN member states.
“When we think about the cost of war – for the world economy but above all for the soul of mankind – peacebuilding is a contract and a prerequisite for development and a better future for all,” he said.
2 billion people live in conflict areas today
Source link 2 billion people live in conflict areas today